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from the bbx camp :)
The 'human beatboxing' appears in the streets of the Bronx and Harlem, the other big ghetto of New York. The importance of rhythm in rap, much more present than in the styles that precede it, brings the first beatboxers to this new practice, in particular because it is from the beginning exclusively composed of breaks (strongly rhythmic passages).
The term "beatbox" was used to refer to earlier Roland drum machines such as the TR-55 and CR-78 in the 1970s. They were followed by the TR-808, released in 1980, which became central to hip hop music and electronic dance music. It is the TR-808 that human beatboxing is largely modeled after.
"Human beatboxing" in hip-hop originated in the 1980s. Its early pioneers include Doug E. Fresh, the self-proclaimed first "human beatbox" (actually, it was too much discussions about who is 'first').
In 1999, beatboxer with The Roots and self-professed 'Godfather of Noyze', Rahzel, produced, perhaps, the most influential beatboxing album of all time. Make the Music 2000 brought beatboxing back into the public arena - and boy what beatboxing!
Not only did the album feature beatboxing and some great songs, but the secret track after 60 seconds of silence at the end of the album featured the often imitated Man vs Machine battle featuring the four elements including Kenny Muhammed's coveted 'Wind Technique' and Rahzel's own show-stopper 'If Your Mother Only Knew'. The album was also the first to feature vocal scratching - a technique that has since been developed globally. .
The Internet has played a large part in the popularity of modern beatboxing. Alex Tew (aka A-Plus) started the first online community of beatboxers in 2000 under the banner of HUMANBEATBOX.COM.
In 2001, Gavin Tyte, a member of this community created the world's first tutorials and video tutorials on beatboxing. In 2003, the community held the world's first Human Beatbox Convention in London featuring beatbox artists from all over the world.
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35 Minutes vor
Why beatbox (bbx)? Because nowaday we can count bbx as a 5th element of hip-hop culture. Although it is not limited to hip-hop music.
The vocal imitation of percussion is old. One of these traditions was born in India 600 years ago: the tradition of bowls. A 'variation' of this technique is konnakol (konokol, konakkol or solkattu) which is both a tradition of 'vocal percussion' and a method of memory used by percussionists in northern India to memorize complex rhythms. .
Another of these ancient traditions is that of the Chinese Kouji, which can literally be translated as 'skill of the mouth' and is an art of vocal performance and mimicry that uses all the organs of human speech to imitate sounds. .
Additional influences may perhaps include forms of African traditional music, in which performers utilize their bodies (e.g., by clapping or stomping) as percussion instruments and produce sounds with their mouths by breathing loudly in and out, a technique used in beatboxing today.
In the United States, among various rural traditions, "eefing", appeared in the 19th century in Appalachia - is a vocal technique similar to bbx, born a century earlier in rural Tennessee. This bluegrass / hillbilly technique later influenced rockers such as Buddy Holly and Carl Perkins in the 1950s, as well as Soul music artists like Diana Ross in the '60s and, in his wake, Michel Jackson in the 1960s - 70s.
The first appearances of an equivalent in the twentieth century are found in jazz. We find in fact the first fruits in the scat, vocal improvisation made solely from onomatopoeia. However, scat remains essentially melodic and is rarely used for purely rhythmic purposes and / or imitation percussion. .
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